Types of Gum Disease

Types of Gum Disease

Oral hygiene is vital for a healthy body. There can be various kinds of oral health issues, including gum disease.Gum disease is a serious oral health issue that can cause major problems in your mouth and in the rest of the body. There are two types of gum disease: Gingivitis and Periodontitis. Untreated gingivitis can advance into periodontitis and can eventually lead to tooth loss and other health problems.


Gingivitis is the mild form of periodontal disease from which most patients with gum disease suffer from. It causes damage to soft tissues and the gums surrounding the jaw bones, creates redness and bleeds easily. Usually, the symptoms are redness, bleeding while brushing, and sensitiveness while eating. Gingivitis usually doesn’t cause severe pain, so it is often unnoticed by patients.

Gingivitis is often caused due to the lack of routine oral health care. Other factors that might contribute to advancing gingivitis to the more serious periodontitis are diabetes, aging, smoking, stress, inadequate nutrition, puberty, hormonal fluctuations, substance abuse, HIV infection and more.


Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis. Without proper treatment, Periodontitis can also turn into an advanced form of periodontitis. It is more severe than gingivitis and spreads below the gums and damages the tissue and bone that support the teeth. This can also cause the teeth to shift and can even result in tooth loss in the extreme stages. There are four forms of periodontitis; aggressive periodontitis, chronic periodontitis, periodontitis as a manifestation of systematic diseases, and necrotizing periodontal disease, each with different symptoms and characteristics.

It is highly encouraged to see our dentists if you are showing any symptoms of gum disease so that we can provide you with the right treatment to reduce the effects of it.Any oral health issue needs proper treatment and care. For more information, call or visit our Bright Dental office in Sealy and Houston, Texas.